When hair follicles are clogged or blocked with dead skin cells or oil, bumps are formed on the surface of the skin as a result. These bumps are referred to as acne. Usually prevalent in teenagers and young adults, they appear on the face, shoulders, back or upper arms more commonly. Adults, sometimes, suffer from it too – adult acne as it is referred to. A skin ailment which afflicts almost every teenager and that too for long stretches of time, it is, unfortunately, a leading cause of complications like anxiety, lack of self-esteem and depression among young people. This physical manifestation leads to chronic emotional distress in many. As far as adults are concerned, as many as 25-30% of the female population is suffering from adult acne caused due to hormonal changes post-pregnancy, PCOS, excessive stress, and other environmental factors.
Causes: More than 80% of acne cases are on account of genetics. Diet, cigarette smoking, lack of cleanliness & hygiene and excessive exposure to sunlight are also key players in forming acne. Why many teenagers are afflicted is because as puberty hits, hormonal changes within the body are aplenty. The body generates testosterone and high levels of growth hormones which are known to worsen acne. Stress is also a common cause of acne, especially in adults. Working in polluted areas or in occupations which require head/face gear which obstructs sweating are also leading causes of this affliction.
Symptoms: Essentially, acne is associated with blackheads, whiteheads, pimples, oily skin, and scarring. While different skin colors influence the appearance of the acne, it usually appears as small bumps, pustules or nodules on the skin. On account of the increased secretion of oily sebum and inflammation, scarring is very common in people afflicted with acne. So is pigmentation. Pigmentation is lesions left behind after the acne has been treated. These lesions could last for months or years if not treated timely.
Treatment: While more than 10 million Indians suffer from this condition every year, the heartening part is that it is effectively treatable. While medication helps with the pain and inflammation, at Lumiere Derma, we have recognized the key causes of this ailment and have developed specialized treatments for the same. No need to pop those pimples at home anymore – we will rid you of those with our holistic approach to treating acne. For quick results on the area of affliction, phototherapy and facial peels are known to be very effective. Light emitting diodes are also used to kill the bacteria in and around the acne to prevent them from resurfacing. While topical treatments are the best way to target the acne, it is important to bring about significant lifestyle changes in diet, smoking, exercise and stress management to ensure that the treatments are effective and permanent. At Lumiere Derma, we help you with not just symptomatic treatments mentioned above but also with the lifestyle ones to ensure the root causes are also addressed. We do this with specially developed DermaDiet, for example, or through specialty treatments like Acne Defense.